Tables and figures

CONTENT AND STRUCTURE

Your results section provides information to answer the following question:

What did you find? (your actual results).

It is common practice to display your results in the form of a table or figure. Tables are a means of presenting information accurately and concisely, while figures (graphs) can efficiently illustrate trends and comparisons. However, you also have to use language to give your table a title. Please note that we usually use the term 'figure' rather than 'graph'.

Your results section usually has two main stages :

Stage 1

State the title for a table. (place legend under title)

Table 1. Demographic characteristics of study participants.

Stage 2

Present the table.

or

Stage 1

Present a figure.

Stage 2

State the title for the figure. (place legend under title)

Figure 1. Cholesterol Concentration of subjects on a High Cholesterol Diet.

Tables should be:

  • clearly presented
  • clearly numbered
  • clearly titled
  • easily interpreted

Figures should be

  • clearly presented
  • clearly numbered
  • clearly titled
  • clearly interpreted

Click on the Swap button and decide which version of the table is the most appropriate for reporting the results of the experiment which aimed to investigate the relationship between dietary intake of protein and excretion of urea, ammonia, uric acid and creatinine. Then click the Submit button for your feedback.

Table showing subjects' urine samples
DietUreaAmmoniaCreatinineUric acid
8 (A-H)462.625mM37.125mM6.451mM2.9625mM1.451L
Low Protein
Std dev
265 5029.4 6.87.5 1.93.1 0.4

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