Explanation: Structure 1

Explanations are important for describing how a system or process works, and also for interpreting why an event occurs and its effects. Extended explanations can begin with an ‘identification’ stage which introduces the topic and classifies the phenomenon in a similar way to a description text type. This is then followed by an explanation that sequences the steps or phases of an activity or gives reasons for why an event occurs.

Many explanations also include diagrams which are considered just as essential as text. A good visual can reduce the need for extensive or overly detailed explanations.

For advice on presenting and using visuals see ‘Using Visuals”.

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